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Concussion in adolescence and risk of MS







































Image Source: MSCONNECTION

Abstract


Objective:

To assess whether concussion in childhood or adolescence is associated with subsequent MS risk. Previous research suggests an association but methodological limitations included retrospective data collection and small study populations.

Methods:
The national Swedish Patient (hospital diagnoses) and MS registers were used to identify all MS diagnoses up to 2012 among people born from 1964, when the Patient Register was established. The 7292 patients with MS were matched individually with 10 people without MS by sex, year of birth, age/vital status at MS diagnosis, and region of residence (county), resulting in a study population of 80212. Diagnoses of concussion and control diagnoses of broken limb bones were identified using the Patient Register from birth to age 10 years or from ages 11 to 20 years. Conditional logistic regression was used to examine associations with MS.

Results:

Concussion in adolescence was associated with a raised risk of MS, producing adjusted odds ratios (and 95% confidence intervals) of 1.22 (1.05-1.42, p=0.008) and 2.33 (1.35-4.04, p=0.002) for one diagnosis of concussion, or more than one diagnosis of concussion, respectively, compared with none. No notable association with MS was observed for concussion in childhood, or broken limb bones in childhood and adolescence.


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