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Hospital admission rates for pediatric MS in the United States using the Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS): STUDY




























Image Source: HEALTHNCARE

Abstract

Background:
The onset of multiple sclerosis (MS) during childhood or adolescence is increasingly recognized in the United States. Administrative databases quantify healthcare utilization as measured by hospital admissions, providing insight into the impact of MS in the pediatric population.

Objective:
We examine the frequency of hospital admissions for pediatric MS in the US using the Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS) database.

Methods:
Data was extracted from the PHIS database using the ICD-9 code for MS (340.00) and reviewed to verify case ascertainment. Mean, median, and range values were determined for the number of inpatient hospitalizations per patient, number of days in the hospital, and cost of each encounter. A trend analysis was performed to evaluate the annual frequency of MS-related admissions over the study period.

Results:
After case verification, the PHIS database extraction reported 2068 hospital inpatient encounters for 1422 unique pediatric MS patients between 2004 and 2013. The median number of hospitalizations per patient was 2 with a median hospital stay of 4 days. Admission rates for MS increased from 2.37 per 10,000 in 2004 to 4.13 per 10,000 in 2013.

Conclusion:
The number of admissions due to pediatric MS has increased since the start of the PHIS database collection, concurrent with increased disease awareness and the establishment of dedicated pediatric MS centers.

Story Source: The above story is based on materials provided by MULTIPLESCLEROSISANDRELATEDDISORDERS
Note: Materials may be edited for content and length

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