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Thursday

 

Risk Factors for Suicidal Ideation in Patients Feeling Severely Affected by MS: STUDY








































Image Source: PINTEREST


ABSTRACT

Background:
Being severely affected by multiple sclerosis (MS) brings substantial physical and psychological challenges. Contrary to common thinking that MS is not lethal, there is a higher mortality risk in patients also reflected in alarming rates of assisted suicide, and – where possible - euthanasia.

Objective:
Analyzing independent variables promoting suicidal ideation in severely affected MS patients.

Design:
A self-report questionnaire with 25 needs categories including one self-assessment item “prone to suicidal ideation” was applied.

Setting/Subjects:
Included were patients reporting feeling subjectively severely affected by MS. Of 867 patients addressed, 573 (66.1%) completed the questionnaires.

Measurements:
32 items being potential risk factors for suicidal ideation were tested for statistical significance using a multivariate logistic regression model with stepwise, backward elimination procedure.

Results:
22.1% of 573 patients (median age 51, range 20–83) had suicidal ideation. 48.4% suffered from secondary progressive, 24.7% from relapsing-remitting and 21.9% from primary progressive MS. A set of six statistically significant criteria for suicidal ideation were found. Three items were risk factors for suicidal ideation: the extent to which MS affects leisure time (p < 0.001), depression (p < 0.000), and feeling socially excluded (p < 0.002). Three items reduced the odds of suicidal ideation: having a purpose in life (p < 0.000), being productive (p < 0.000), and having comfort in faith and spiritual beliefs (p < 0.024).

Conclusion:
This study identified potentially modifiable factors that may help preventing suicide in people with MS. Integrating palliative care (PC) with its multidisciplinary approach could be beneficial to reduce patient's burden.

Story Source: The above story is based on materials provided by JOURNALOFPALLIATIVEMEDICINE
Note: Materials may be edited for content and length

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