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Sunday

 

Clinical characteristics of optic neuritis in Taiwanese children: STUDY




























Image Source: OLSTARS


Abstract

Purpose:
To document the etiology, clinical presentation, and visual prognosis of optic neuritis in Taiwanese children.

Methods:
Retrospectively reviewed children younger than 18 years old with optic neuritis in Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung Children’s Hospital from 1998 to 2009.

Results:
There were 24 children (38 eyes) with optic neuritis in that period. Overall, 14 patients (58.3%) were female and 10 patients (41.7%) were male. In total, 14 patients (58.3%) had bilateral involvement, and 10 patients (41.7%) had unilateral involvement. Out of 38 eyes, 24 (63.2%) had disc swelling. Out of 24 patients, 21 (87.5%) underwent intravenous steroid therapy (10 to 30 mg/kg/day) for 3–5 days, and followed by an oral taper. Out of 24 patients, 20 (83.3%) achieved final visual acuity (VA) of 20/40 or better. However, a poor visual outcome (four patients) (VA<20/40) was correlated with pale disc at presentation (P=0.002, Pearson χ 2-test) and age older than 10 years (P=0.012, Fisher’s exact test). Five patients were diagnosed with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) (21%), and three patients were diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS) (12.5%). Patients with ADEM did not have a better visual outcome than patients with MS (P=0.643, Fisher’s exact test).

Conclusions:
Visual recovery from optic neuritis was favorable in Taiwanese children. A poor visual outcome was correlated with pale disc at presentation and patients’ age older than 10 years. ADEM is the most common associated systemic disease; MS is relatively rare.

Story Source: The above story is based on materials provided by NATURE
Note: Materials may be edited for content and length

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