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MS and the prevalence of sleep disorders, epileptic seizures


























Sleep disorders and epileptic seizures are of higher prevalence in those with multiple sclerosis. Multiple sclerosis is a chronic disease that affects the nervous system. Multiple studies have shown higher prevalence of other co-morbid disorders in those with multiple sclerosis, including sleep disorders and epileptic seizures.

One study conducted a large scale review of other research in regards to multiple sclerosis, sleep disorders and epileptic seizures. They evaluated 32 studies regarding seizures and 18 studies involving sleep disorders. Prevalence of seizures in multiple sclerosis patients was 2.28 percent and sleep disorders was 1.6 percent for narcolepsy, 14.5 – 57.5 percent for restless leg syndrome, 2.22 – 3.2 percent for REM behavior disorder and 7.14 – 58.1 percent for obstructive sleep apnea.

The review of the literature revealed that there are higher occurrences of sleep disorders and seizures in those with multiple sclerosis. The review acknowledged gaps in the research and identified that other than central-Europe and North America, many regions around the world still do not fully understand multiple sclerosis.

Multiple sclerosis and seizures
Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) are at higher risk of experiencing seizures compared to the general public. A seizure is abnormal or excessive electrical activity in the brain, and epilepsy is a term that entails multiple seizures not caused by common factors.

Common seizures experienced by MS patients are referred to as tonic-clonic seizures or simple or complex partial seizures.

Tonic-clonic seizures refer to a person losing consciousness and muscles becoming rigid along with convulsions, which is when the muscle tightens and loosens.

With simple seizures the person does not lose consciousness but may feel “off.” Their basic senses may become altered, such as taste or sight, and muscles may begin to twitch. In complex partial seizures, consciousness is still not lost, but the person may lose awareness and not recall what happened during that time period.

Only one percent of the general population suffers from seizures, compared to two or three percent of multiple sclerosis patients.

Story Source: The above story is based on materials provided by BELMARRAHEALTH
Note: Materials may be edited for content and length


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