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Saturday

 

Timed walk as primary outcome measure of treatment response in clinical trials for HTLV-1-associated myelopathy: a feasibility study: STUDY


















Image Source: SCIELO


Abstract

Background:
To advance the treatment of HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP), randomised controlled therapeutic studies with appropriate and sensitive outcomes are reuired. One candidate outcome is the 10-metre walk test (10MWT), a patient-centred, simple and functional measure. To calculate sample size based on 10MWT as the primary outcome, variability within and between subjects must be known.

Methods:
Data on 10MWT from 76 patients with HAM/TSP were prospectively collected from four specialist centres in Brazil, Japan, USA and UK. Data, collected at two time points, 6 months apart, were log transformed and subjected to analysis of covariance.

Results:
Baseline mean (standard deviation = SD), median 10MWT were 23.5 (18.9), 16.3 s/10 m and at 6 months 24.9 (23.9), 16.4 s/10 m. The mean (SD) % increase in walk time was 5.74 % (28.2 %). After logarithmic transformation, the linear correlation between baseline and 24 weeks 10MWT was r = 0.938. Using these data, it was determined that a randomised controlled trial with 30 participants per group would have 90 % power to detect a 19 % decrease or a 23 % increase in 10MWT.

Conclusions:
The intra-patient variability of 10MWT is relatively small in HAM/TSP over 6 months. 10MWT is a feasible outcome measure for a clinical trial in HAM/TSP. To our knowledge, this is the first ever recommendation for the sample size required for trials in HAM/TSP patients.

Story Source: The above story is based on materials provided by PILOTANDFEASIBILITYSTUDIES
Note: Materials may be edited for content and length

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