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Mortality and comorbidities in patients with MS compared with a population without MS: An observational study using the US Department of Defense administrative claims database: STUDY























































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Abstract

Background:
Data are limited for mortality and comorbidities in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS).

Objectives:
Compare mortality rates and event rates for comorbidities in MS (n=15,684) and non-MS (n=78,420) cohorts from the US Department of Defense (DoD) database.

Methods:
Comorbidities and all-cause mortality were assessed using the database. Causes of death (CoDs) were assessed through linkage with the National Death Index. Cohorts were compared using mortality (MRR) and event (ERR) rate ratios.

Results
All-cause mortality was 2.9-fold higher in the MS versus non-MS cohort (MRR, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.9, 2.7–3.2). Frequent CoDs in the MS versus non-MS cohort were infectious diseases (6.2, 4.2–9.4), diseases of the nervous (5.8, 3.7–9.0), respiratory (5.0, 3.9–6.4) and circulatory (2.1, 1.7–2.7) systems and suicide (2.6, 1.3–5.2). Comorbidities including sepsis (ERR, 95% CI: 5.7, 5.1–6.3), ischemic stroke (3.8, 3.5–4.2), attempted suicide (2.4, 1.3–4.5) and ulcerative colitis (2.0, 1.7–2.3), were higher in the MS versus non-MS cohort. The rate of cancers was also higher in the MS versus the non-MS cohort, including lymphoproliferative disorders (2.2, 1.9–2.6) and melanoma (1.7, 1.4–2.0).

Conclusions
Rates of mortality and several comorbidities are higher in the MS versus non-MS cohort. Early recognition and management of comorbidities may reduce premature mortality and improve quality of life in patients with MS.

Story Source: The above story is based on materials provided by  MULTIPLESCLEROSISANDRELATEDDISORDERS
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