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Monday

 

Characterization of Multiple Sclerosis Plaques Using Susceptibility-Weighted Imaging at 1.5 T: Can Perivenular Localization Improve Specificity of Imaging Criteria: STUDY



















































Abstract

Background and Purpose:
The purpose of this study was to determine if magnetic resonance (MR) susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) can increase the conspicuity of corticomedullary veins within the white matter lesions of multiple sclerosis (MS) and, thus, aid in distinguishing plaques from leukoaraiosis.

Methods:
We retrospectively reviewed MR examinations in 21 patients with a clinical diagnosis of MS and 18 patients with a clinical diagnosis of dementia. Examinations included fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) and SWI sequences obtained in the axial plane. Lesions greater than 5 mm in diameter on the axial FLAIR sequence were identified as periventricular or subcortical. Three neuroradiologists evaluated SWI images, compared with FLAIR, for a centrally located signal void in each lesion that was scored as present, absent, or indeterminate.

Results:
 In patients with MS, central veins were present in both periventricular lesions (75%, P < 0.001) and subcortical lesions (52%, P < 0.005). In patients with dementia, central veins were seen much less frequently in subcortical lesions (14%, P < 0.001); their association with periventricular lesions was not significant.

Conclusions:
Central veins were detected in MS lesions with a significantly greater frequency than that in patients with dementia. Susceptibility-weighted imaging increases the conspicuity of corticomedullary veins and may improve the specificity of MR findings in MS.

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