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12 Surprising Factors That Up Your Risk of MS

1. Your Gender
Even though women are more likely to develop MS, the disease tends to be more severe in men, John Rose, M.D., a professor of neurology at the University of Utah in Salt Lake City, says.

2. Where You Live
People who live closer to the earth’s poles (Think: Australia, New Zealand, parts of North America, Canada, and Iceland) are at higher risk for MS than those who live closer to the equator. This is true in the U.S. too.

MS is twice as prevalent in North Dakota than Florida, for example. “We have always been puzzled by this,” says Dr. Rose. The likely culprit is vitamin D or lack thereof. Our bodies make vitamin D in response to sunlight, so people far from the equator make less, especially during the long, dark winter months.

3. Your Vitamin D Levels
Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to a host of illnesses—including MS.

But before you go thinking you have a handle on it, there are MS hot spots in locations that do get lots of sunlight including parts of Greece and Italy.

4. When You Were Born
This is strange, but true. “If your mother was pregnant with you through the winter, you are at greater risk for MS,” Dr. Rose says. “It’s a curious phenomenon, but if you are born in spring or late spring, your mom’s levels of vitamin D during pregnancy may have been low which could explain it.”

Finnish researchers found that spring babies are at higher risk of MS. According to this study, an April birth was linked to a 9.4% higher MS risk, while those born in November had an 11.1% lower risk.

5. Your Ethnicity
MS is more common in whites, particularly those with Northern European ancestry. Some groups—people with African, Asian, Hispanic, and Native American ancestry—seem to be at lower risk, although they can still get the disease.

6. You Moved as a Child
If you move as a child, your risk of MS will change to match your new homeland, whether you move from a low risk to high risk area for MS or vice versa. However, this is true only if you moved before roughly the ages of 12 to 15; after puberty, such a move doesn’t seem to matter.

7. Your Smoking Status
We all know that smoking is bad news, and that it increases the risk of lung cancer and heart attack. But few know that it's a well established risk factor for MS too.

Smokers and ex-smokers are more likely to be diagnosed with MS than people who never smoked and the more cigarettes you smoke the higher the risk (5-fold greater risk at more than 4 packs a day).

8. Your Age
MS can be diagnosed at almost any age, from childhood right on up to your years as a senior citizen. However, it’s more likely to occur in people ages 20 to 50.

“MS is not an all comers disease, “ says Carrie Lyn Sammarco, a nurse practitioner at the Multiple Sclerosis Comprehensive Care Center of New York University Langone Medical Center. “We don’t tend to see it in children, although it can occur,” she says.

9. You’ve Had Mono
Many germs have been studied as possible MS triggers, but the results have been mixed. There is, however, a growing body of evidence for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), which causes mononucleosis. (Mono symptoms are fever, sore throat, and swollen glands.) 

10. You Have Another Autoimmune Condition
Autoimmune diseases tend to cluster. This means that if you have one, you may also develop others.

So that means if you have type 1 diabetes or inflammatory bowel disease, you may have a slightly higher risk of being diagnosed with MS too. However, the link isn't as strong with other autoimmune diseases, such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis, says Dr. Rose.

11. Your Family Tree
While the environment has an impact on MS risk, so too, does genetics. "If a mom has MS, her children have a 5% risk of having MS, and if a dad does, his daughters also have a 5% risk, but his sons have less of a risk,” says Dr. Rose.

It’s usually a combo of factors—genes and environmental triggers—that result in MS, even within families.

12. You've Experienced Extreme Grief

Stress can worsen MS symptoms and some research suggests that it can even increase the risk of developing MS in the first place.

One study found that parents of children who died were more likely than other parents to develop MS in the next decade, and the risk seemed even higher—twice as likely—if the death was unexpected (such as an accident).

Story Source: The above story is based on materials provided by XFINITY
Note: Materials may be edited for content and length


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